There are hundreds of carpentry or woodworking tools that are available for carpenters but there are specific tools that they really need to own and be familiar with. A good tool or equipment is a good investment for woodworking because they will be useful in the long run, and they can even be helpful in things outside of woodworking.
Here are the top carpentry tools that every woodworker needs to own.
1. Tape Measure
An accurate tape measure is an important tool because without this, you obviously won’t get the right measurements needed for your projects. The ideal tape measure is at least 25 feet long and easily retractable. While longer tape measures are great for large-scale projects, they are also harder to roll back up and they may get loose.
2. Claw Hammer
This is a primary tool that every craftsman—and every household—needs to have. A good claw hammer has a finish head that is rounded and a claw on the opposite side that is well-adjusted. The typical claw hammer used in construction is the 20 oz. size, which is heavy enough to drive or pull nails. It’s important to have a well-balanced claw hammer that won’t twist in your hand so it wouldn’t be hard to plunge nails appropriately into surfaces. It’s also advisable to get the ones that have steel grips because claw hammers with wooden handles may be difficult to use when pulling nails.
3. Nail Set
The nail set is a handy tool that is vital in woodworking. For professional carpenters or woodworkers, it’s good to stock up on nail sets that have different sizes because you never know when you’ll need a big or smaller one.
Every woodworker needs chisels because these tools are needed for carving, sawing cuts, and cleaning out joints. Look for chisels that have hardwood grips as they don’t easily deform when you strike on them. The 1 ½ chisel is ideal for chipping out while the small ones are great when working on mortise. Use both of your hands when handling a chisel to maintain enough grip and control when you trim the wood. Use stones that are moistened with oil when sharpening your chisel to hone the blade better.
5. Utility Knife
A utility knife has a lot of uses for carpenters, but its main purpose is to scribe onto woods and for mortise work. Utility knives that have disposable blades are preferred by most carpenters.
Screwdrivers are essential tools in the workbench and in most households. Carpenters purchase all kinds and sizes of screwdrivers for quality construction. Long screwdrivers with square blades deliver ample amount of torque. The smaller screwdrivers are good for reaching screws that are placed inside a hole.
7. Hand Saw
Carpenters keep sets of hand saws because sometimes, using a manual saw is better than power saws. The hand saw enables woodworkers to feel how the wood responds under the blade and vice versa. This helps them slice the wood properly. Variations of saws are important because they are needed in cutting different surfaces and angles.
8. Layout Square
Also known as the “combination square”, this tool is essential for marking square cuts on stock. Most woodworkers choose the 6” model over the 12” model because it’s easier to carry and handle. A layout square is also used to measure an existing angle. Buy a layout square that is made of metal because the plastic ones can easily bend.
9. Sliding Bevel
The sliding bevel or T-Bevel is handy when measuring several angles. This measurement tool is adjustable, which makes it easier to mark different points and angles. You can also lock the sliding bevel at the point or angle that you want to mark.
10. Block Plane
The block plane is a small tool used for shaving thin scrapes of wood away from the stock. This is handy when cleaning up the edges of the wood during assemblage.